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HIV/AIDS Facts and Figures
In San Francisco...
- Since the beginning of the epidemic a total of 28,409 San Francisco residents have been diagnosed with AIDS, which comprises 18% of California AIDS cases and 3% of cases reported nationally.
- There have been 19,080 reported AIDS deaths in San Francisco as of Dec. 31, 2009 (the most recent statistics available).
- There were 15,836 San Franciscans living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2009. Most were male (92%) and white (63%). In addition, nearly three-quarters of all HIV/AIDS cases were among men who have sex with men (MSM) and an additional 13% were among MSM who were also injecting drug users.
- Of the total number of people with HIV/AIDS, 9,326 were living with AIDS at the end of 2009. 92% of those living with AIDS are male, 6% are female and 2% are transgender.
- Survival after AIDS diagnosis is worse for African-Americans than other racial/ethnic groups. Among those diagnosed with AIDS between 1996 and 2009, the percent of African-Americans surviving five years was 73% as compared with 81% for whites, 83% for Latinos and 86% for Asian/Pacific Islanders.
- The neighborhoods with the highest numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS are the Castro, Mission, Western Addition and Tenderloin.
In Los Angeles...
- More than 31,448 people have died of AIDS-related causes since the epidemic began.
- More than 44,450 people are living with HIV, of which 24,600 are living with AIDS. Most are male (88%) and aged 40 or older (70%). An estimated 72% are gay or bisexual men, 7% of whom are also injection drug users.
- Although African-Americans comprise less than 9% of the city’s population, they account for nearly 22% of those living with AIDS.
- The communities with the highest numbers of people living with HIV/AIDS are Long Beach, Hollywood, West Hollywood and Downtown Los Angeles.
- Up to 7,000 will become infected with HIV this year.
- Nearly 1 in 10 of the nation’s HIV-positive people lives in California and the state ranks second in the nation in cumulative AIDS cases at nearly 160,000, surpassed only by New York.
- 80% of all HIV/AIDS cases occur among gay or bisexual men
- African-Americans account for nearly 18% of those living with HIV/AIDS.
- More than two-thirds of all Californians living with HIV reside in Los Angeles County or the San Francisco Bay Area.
In the United States...
Since the AIDS epidemic began in 1981, 1.7 million Americans have been infected with HIV and more than 617,025 have died of AIDS-related causes.
1.1 million Americans are living with HIV/AIDS, representing a slight increase over time as people are living longer with HIV disease and new infections remain relatively stable.
An estimated 21% of people living with HIV are undiagnosed.
Every 9 1/2 minutes, someone in the U.S. is infected with HIV.
Gay and bisexual men accounted for 53% of new HIV infections in 2006, and are the only group for which new infections are on the rise.
African-Americans and Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS. Blacks accounted for 45% of new HIV infections in 2006 and 47% of those living with the disease, yet they make up only 12% of the U.S. population. Latinos account for 17% of new infections yet comprise 15% of the U.S. population, while whites represent 35% of new infections and account for 66% of the total population.
The AIDS diagnosis rate for African-Americans is more than 9 times that of whites, and the HIV rate is 7 times greater among blacks than whites. Survival after an AIDS diagnosis is lower for blacks than any other racial/ethnic group.
Young adults and teens between 13 and 29 represent 34% of new HIV infections, the largest share of any age group. Black teens are disproportionately affected, representing 68% of reported AIDS cases among 13 to 19-year-olds in 2007.
Women now account for 27% of HIV infections, with 280,000 women living with HIV and AIDS. Black women accounted for two thirds (64%) of new AIDS diagnoses among women in 2009; Latinas represented 18% and white women, 15%.
71% of all AIDS cases reported since the beginning of the epidemic are concentrated in 10 states or territories. While the District of Columbia has the highest AIDS case rate (119.8 per 100,000 in 2009), the states of New York (17.7%), California (14.2%) and Florida (10.7%) have the most cumulative AIDS cases.
In the World...
- Since the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, 60 million people have contracted HIV and 25 million have died of AIDS-related causes.
- An estimated 33.3 million people are living with HIV/AIDS.
- In 2009, an estimated 2.6 million people were newly infected with HIV.
San Francisco Department of Public Health, HIV Epidemiology Section. HIV/AIDS Epidemiology Annual Report 2009; Kaiser Family Foundation Fact Sheet: The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States, March 2011; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention California State Profile; HIV Epidemiology Program Division of Communicable Disease Control and Prevention - Los Angeles County Department of Public Health; UNAIDS Global Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010